A Guide to Metal Fabrication

A Guide to Metal Fabrication

The facilities and resources we have in terms of our daily life survival deeply rely on metal fabrication procedures. The house in which we lived, our home’s kitchen, the businesses we do, the computers, electrical systems, and vehicles we use for doing our work are all based on the working of metals’ parts.

The meaning of metal fabrication is commonly understood to describe the performance and progress of divergent procedures of shaping metals. All methods belong to holding metal re-designing or molding it to further processing and usage.

The manufactured metal products can be screws and bolts, pipe fittings, car parts, mechanical hand tools, and cutleries. Our domestic chores or practical life work, both can’t be smooth without the fabrication of metals.

Metal fabrication is the exercise of producing sheet metal and other flat metals to make them involved in desired shapes. We can generate different shapes of metals according to our working needs.

The procedure begins with the sheet metal approximately a quarter of an inch thick or less. At the stage of this thickness, the metal tends to be conveniently bent enough to opt for diverse shapes. By using this metal, fabricators alter the sheet to establish a demanded shape. This happens through cutting, stamping, shaping, folding, and welding. There is also extreme demand for custom fabrication, which refers to the establishment of custom metal parts using a versatile combination of these processes.

This whole process is done by metal fabricators, who are extremely experts in cutting and turning metal into new forms. These are the people who perform their duties as fabricators and work out for big manufacturing operations or standardized fabrication shops.

The workers on the machine or fabrication shop will begin with a bundle of various metals and turn them into the hard-built structures that are generally used in our routine life necessities.

Metal fabrication processes

There are different processes of metal fabrication. In this article, we acknowledge the readers about them so you all know the stages the metal goes through before going in your hand as a product or part.

1. Forging

Forging is an easy practice for complex metalwork. This method requires using forced compression to get the wanted shape. This type of metal fabrication processing is done by hand. Forging is the process where the workers heat the metal to the stage so that it can be bent, shaped, and organized with the help of a hammer. Forging is considered one of the oldest forms of metal fabrication processes.

2. Casting

Casting is the clear process of pouring molten metal into a mold. It’s about the metal being cooled to the point that it becomes tight. Casting is widely repeated as the go-to process for mass invented products where the same mold can be done over and over again with less variance in the final result.

3. Drawing

This type of fabrication process makes use of tensile force to pull metal into a tapered die. This extends the metal into a thinner shape. Drawing is usually used in sheet metal fabrication processes where the final product is a square or cylindrical container.

4. Forming

Forming is the process of bending metal to the wanted angle or form. This is most often achieved with a brake press that generates pressure on metal so that a crease is created.

5. Machining

Machining is a minus sign shaping process that detects unwanted material to establish a form. Within this subtract, there are different forms including drilling, turning, and milling. 

Turning uses a lathe to change the direction of metal at a speed that permits cutting tools to detach the metal circularly. A CNC machine is the most usual tool used for turning and often directs precise measurements.

Drilling is the process that involves a bit to build a hole in the metal. 

Milling is very famous among the metal fabrication processes by which multi-point cutting instruments detach metal from the workpiece.

6. Extrusion

Extrusion is the process where metal is pressurized between an open or closed die. By this, the piece of metal is reduced to the cross portion of the die. It resulted in a cavity-like material. The final result is commonly a cylindrical shape that has use in wiring or piping.

7. Cutting

One of the most genuine metal fabrication processes is cutting. On the surface, the method is nothing more than cutting big pieces of metal into little ones. Cutting is quite a time taken and involved. Therefore, the technologies named power scissors, lasers, waterjets, and plasma are all utilized to build exacting cuts.

8. Punching

Punching initiates the holes in a workpiece. Punch presses have exclusively turrets that hit the metal through a die to develop holes in desired places. Punching is the process that is used in both light and heavy metalworks.

9. Stamping

Similar to punching, stamping holds serving indentation in metals, instead of holes with the help of a press or handheld hammer. The main use of stamping is generating shapes, images, and letters.

10. Welding

Welding refers to the process of connecting two or more pieces of metal by a mixture of heat and pressure. This method is very much usable in large-scale or industrial fabrication projects. It is highly demanded because various pieces of metal can be interrelated no matter what their shape or size.


Metal - An advantageous material to give a brief service to us through different metal fabrication processes. We can’t ignore the fact that without the contribution of metals we are unable to get ease in our life in various phases.

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